“String of Buttons”, crassus perforate is a perfect and fast-growing succulent for a beginner. It is an easy-to-care-for succulent. It grows well indoors and in terrarium.
It looks stacked atop each other with its triangle-shaped leaves growing opposite each other and spiral around the stem.
If there is plenty of sunshine, the edge of the leaves may be a little pink. It grows up to 1-2 ft tall and 2-3 ft wide.
You can find a cluster of the small astral pale-yellow flowers that appear in spring.
Proven tips for caring String of Buttons
The String of Buttons can grow indoor and outdoor by providing enough light for them to survive.
If you plant them outdoor, it can handle fully to partial sun. Plant in the garden that can provide them at least 4 to 6 hours of sunlight per day.
Keep in mind that even this succulent can grow under the full sun, but it still can get sunburned during a heatwave or intense heat in summer.
If your String of Buttons plant indoor, place them near the area where can get direct sunlight.
The best is the southern facing window (if you’re in the Northern Hemisphere). This type of succulent is stretching out or elongating if the light condition is weak. Grow light is the best investment to provide enough light for them.
Most of the reason for beginner killed their succulent is overwatering or underwatering.
Watering is depending on the weather and the method of watering. Watering them every 7-10days during the summer, sometimes more during the heatwave.
During spring month, you can water them every 10-14 days and reduce your watering schedule to at least once a month or every 2-3 weeks.
Watering succulent is important for them to thrive.
Most of the common question asked by the beginner is how to water my succulent.
Here is one simple way to determine if your soil is dry:
Hold the pot and note the weight after watering your succulent. After a few days, lift the pot again.
If you fill the pot is lighter than the previous day. Check it again later.
Once you no longer notice the pot getting lighter it is time to water them again. Evaporate will lighter the pot after the succulent has been water a few days ago.
Overwatering is the cause of most dead plants. However, this is the misleading. Soil is the killer for succulent and the water is a weapon for the soil.
The huge reason is String of Button is not regular plants. They won’t thrive in a traditional potting soil.
Repotting them after brought them home because most of nurseries sell succulents in the traditional potting soil. This soil is not design for succulent long-term growth.
This is because the when the succulents is small, they need more water, this dense soil can provide moist environment for this stage.
Use succulent and cactus soil mix. This soil allows the air to reach the root.
The best thing is this soil was developed to promote drainage at the meantime can retaining enough water to keep your succulents thrive. Here is the soil suggested by most of the succulent parent.
If you are just starting out, I highly recommend you fertilize your string of button in the spring but not summer. It goes to dormant in summer.
Apply a balance 20-20-20 fertilizer at ¼ strength once a week during the beginning of the growing season.
How to Propagate “String of Buttons”
“String of Buttons” can be propagated from its offsets, leaves, or stem cuttings.
Twist the leaf from the stem is a simple way to propagate your lovely “String of Buttons”. Lay the leaf flat on the soil. Make sure that no part of the leaf you cut down is left on the stem.
Allow the leaf to callous over for few days. Water when the soil dried out completely. Keep away from direct sunshine for this moment.
Use a sterile, sharp knife or pair of scissors cut down the stem from the main plant. Let the stem to callous for one or two days before plant it on the well draining soil.
Use the same method likes stem cutting. Cut the offsets from the main stem with a sterile and sharp knife or scissors. Let the offset dry for one day and laying it on well draining soil.
*keep away from water for two weeks
*start watering when you find the new root
*plant the new root when you find the new growth after 6 weeks
How to save dying “String of Buttons”
Why my “String of Buttons’ drying is the comman question ask in the website. Here is some of the tips I used to save them.
When the leaves of “String of Buttons” turn brown. This is the sign that shows your succulent having a sunburn. Although this plant can receive planty of sunlight, but it will be damaged by extremely hot weather.
If this happens to your “String of Buttons”, reduce the sun exposure by moving them into the shaded area.
I always forgot to water my “String of Buttons’ when I came back from vacation. My lovely “String of Buttons” look dried. The leaves look shriveled, dry and dull.
When this sign appeared, add more water to your succulent. It should come to life at once. It usually takes a day. You can water them for a few days, until the wrinkle disappear.
Mushy Brown foliage
The most common problem for ‘String of Buttons” is over watering. The leaves of this plant will become soft and pasty, and look translucent. These signs indicate that the plants are being watered excessively.
Remove the damaged part such as leaves, roots, and stems. Air dry the stem for 5 days. Then replace them in the wet soil with a totally dry.
Move in your succulent indoor and stay away form bright sun. Keep away from the water until recover, it may take about one month or more.
The thick leaves of the ‘String of Buttons” will attract bugs like aphids, mealy bugs and vine weevil.
Aphids are tiny sap-sucking insects in a variety of colors. Usually you can find them under the leaves.
In addition to weakening the plant by sucking sap, they act as vectors for plant viruses and disfigure ornamental plants with deposits of honeydew.
They secrete honey dew, which can grow black mold and attract ants.
If there are many aphids in a place, trim the leaves. You can use organic and natural sprays to control them.
“String of Buttons” also susceptible to vine weevil, is a matte black with fused wing covers and is unable to fly.
It feeds on the outer edges of leaves at night, resulting in a notched edge in the leaves. You can see c-shaped holes and wilted, yellow leaves appear in your succulent.
You can spread diatomite or coarse powder on the roots of the plant to prevent them. Manual cleaning at night, because weevil is resistant to spray.
Mealybugs are common pest of succulent. They are soft-bodied, wingless insects, which usually appear on the leaves and stems of plants in the form of white cotton balls.
The best way to control them is to stop them from being established in the beginning.
Once you first notice powdery bugs, separate the infected plan from other plans for a week. The whiteflies were killed with 70% isopropyl alcohol and sprayed directly on the whiteflies. Don’t miss out on the place near the stem.
Over watering the “String of Buttons” can cause rotten roots or stems. Here are some symptoms to identify the roots rot.
If the root of your succulent plants turn dark brown or black, you need to dispose of them immediately, or your plant will die.
If you notice that the rot spreads to the stems and leaves, they will become paler and yellower, and the leaves will become mushy. This is because of watering the plant too much.
If the nutrient deficiency, it probably causes the top leaves to become yellow.
Root rot makes the succulent plants more susceptible to bacterial infection.
Root rot can be eliminated by cutting off the infected site. Let the stem wither for a few days before transplanting them into new well-drained soil.
After replanting, keep away from water because the injured root need time to recover.
Nursing in winter
The String of Buttons doesn’t tolerate freezing temperatures. It recommended for USDA hardiness zone 9 to 11. If your cliamt is below this zone.
String of Buttons must be moved indoors before the first frost. Click here to learn more about How to take Care of your succulent plants in winter.
How To Get String of Buttons to Bloom
String of Buttons will produce a cluster of small star-shaped pale yellow flowers, but not all the plants are ready to blossom. This depends on the environmental factor beyond our control.
How to bloom String of Buttons
Most of the succulent will start blooming when it is mature. The youngest plants are not ready to reproduce, giving the plant some time. It usually takes three years or more for them to blossom.
When the String of Buttons is mature, you need to provide plenty of sunshine all year round, and keep it in the brighter place even during winter.
They need a distinct difference in day and night temperatures as well as summer and winter. When they grow in their natural habitat, this is the advantage of flowering of this succulent plant.
Feed them with nutrients will help them to grow normally and promote flowering. Fertilize this plant during spring and summer but stop feeding towards the end of the fall season and during winter.
If you’ve been ignoring String of Buttons in your succulent list, it might be time for your to plant them in your garden.
Just follow the best pratices listed in this blog post, you will have a stand out “String of Buttons” in your garden.